Prosthetic leg, also known as amputation, is an advanced treatment option in cases of accidents, injuries, and similar trauma.
Below the knee prosthetic leg is an artificial limb system used when a person loses part of one or both legs below the knee joint. This is called the amputee leg. This type of leg prosthesis is designed to replace the functions of the lost part to a very large extent or completely. Today, with the help of technological advances in this field, prosthetic leg below-the-knee systems have become increasingly advanced, lightweight, user-friendly, and functional.
The primary purpose of this product is to improve the quality of life by enabling the person to regain lost mobility and activities of daily living. These products can be individually designed, usually taking into account the person’s body size, physical condition, and needs. Below knee prosthetic leg designs are different from each other. Two of the most commonly preferred types are models with an active vacuum system and a silicone liner pin system.
Active Vacuum and Silicone Liner Pin Systems
The active vacuum below knee prosthesis is a special design developed to better adapt the product to the body of the person who has lost a limb and to increase its efficiency. In this system, there is a vacuum mechanism between the amputated area and the prosthesis. In this way, it is ensured that the system fits tightly to the application area and is aimed to stay in place without disturbing the user. It is one of the most famous types of prosthetic legs below knee.
Another frequently preferred model among below knee amputation is the silicone liner pin model. There is a lock system between the inner and outer sockets. The person can remove the product at any time with the help of the button here. The suspension feature is in good condition and thus allows the patient to walk close to nature. It can be considered ideal for people who cannot use the active vacuum model.
Features of Prosthetic Legs Below the Knee
Especially the systems of brands such as Ottobock prosthetic leg and Össur are very durable. They are usually made of carbon fiber or other lightweight materials so that users can move more comfortably. The prostetic leg has joints and mechanisms designed to resemble the movements of a real leg. This allows movements such as walking, running, and climbing stairs to be performed more naturally.
Advanced below-knee prosthetic legs may include integrated sensors and control systems to help the user maintain balance while walking. Some models have adjustable modes that optimize the user’s ability to walk at the desired speed or adapt to different activities. They are also characterized by their aesthetic appearance. They are beautifully designed to help people feel better about themselves. Color options that match the skin tone and coatings that provide a natural look help with this.
In the case of a modern prosthetic leg below knee, easy donning and doffing is also very important. Therefore, there are lacing systems and closure features that make use simpler. On the other hand, there are also waterproof models for situations such as taking a shower or participating in other activities involving contact with water.
In advanced prosthetic leg types, microprocessor sensory technologies are integrated into the devices to make it easier for the person to walk and balance. Thus, a better control and feeling ability is achieved.
Who Can Use a Below the Knee Prosthetic Leg?
Leg prosthesis is preferred as a result of amputation in different situations. People with the reasons listed below often use these products:
- Accidents and injuries.
- Congenital disabilities.
- Medical reasons.
- Infections and diseases.
- Military service.
- Old age and degenerative conditions.
Among these causes, the most common are people who have lost a limb as a result of traffic accidents, work accidents, sports injuries, or other similar traumatic events. Some people live with physical disabilities from birth, so they may not have full or partial use of the affected area. Medical factors such as cancer or circulatory problems may also require amputation. In such cases, prosthetic legs below the knee can significantly improve the quality of life of patients.
On the other hand, some diseases, such as diabetes, can lead to lower limb infections and consequently require amputation. In addition, especially in certain age groups, amputation may be seen due to degenerative conditions or circulatory problems that develop with aging. A prosthetic leg below the knee is an important option for anyone who has difficulties for these reasons.
How is a Below Knee Prosthetic Leg Applied?
Amputated below the knee is a little bit complex case. Its practice may vary according to the preferred model, the specific needs, and the health status of the individual who will use it. At the beginning of the process, an extensive evaluation is performed by a doctor or specialist. This examination is to see the individual’s health status, level of amputation, skin condition, and physical abilities.
In order to fit the prosthetic leg appropriately, measurements are taken of the relevant body part of the individual. These measurements are necessary to ensure that the product fits the individual exactly and can be carried comfortably. After this stage, the model is designed and manufactured. The material and other features of the product are determined according to user needs.
After the design and production is completed, the prosthetic leg is applied to the user. The average post-operative period here is 3 months. The time of application is decided by looking at the stump, that is, the remaining part of the limb. The product is shaped according to the level of amputation and special materials are used to ensure skin compatibility. The user then wears the system for a period of time to try it out and assess its comfort. In this step, the individual’s comments are taken in terms of fit, stability, and comfort, and any necessary adjustments are made.
Using a prosthetic leg below the knee requires a process of adaptation. Therefore, rehabilitation and training is provided to teach the user to use the product correctly. The user is instructed in walking techniques, maintaining balance, and performing daily activities. He or she is asked to come for routine check-ups at regular intervals. At these check-ups, the specialist will try to resolve any complaints or incompatibilities the patient may have. The best below-knee prosthesis aims to ensure that the user has no problems.
One of the issues that patients are very curious about is the question of how much does a below the knee leg prosthesis cost. The prices vary depending on different factors such as the region, the level of amputation, and the system used.
Life with one leg is hard, without two legs it’s even harder. Don’t delay your dreams. You can get detailed information about the procedures by contacting Luxmed Protez, the best prosthetic leg below knee practitioner in Turkey and the world, which is a partner of brands such as Ottobock and Össur.